文章摘要
朱绍宁,王金明,李慧,顾怀婷.特殊儿童父母亲职压力与生活质量的关系:养育效能感的中介作用[J].济宁医学院学报,2021,44(3):171-174
特殊儿童父母亲职压力与生活质量的关系:养育效能感的中介作用
The parental stress and quality of life among parents of special children: mediating effects of parenting self-efficacy
投稿时间:2021-03-09  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2021.03.005
中文关键词: 养育效能感;亲职压力;生活质量;特殊儿童父母
英文关键词: Parenting self-efficacy;Parenting stress;Quality of life;Parents of special children
基金项目:济宁医学院教师科研扶持基金(JYFC2018RW007)
作者单位E-mail
朱绍宁 山东省济宁市任城区妇幼保健院, 济宁 272149  
王金明 山东省济宁市任城区妇幼保健院, 济宁 272149  
李慧 济宁医学院公共卫生学院, 济宁 272013  
顾怀婷 济宁医学院公共卫生学院, 济宁 272013 guhuaiting@mail.jnmc.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨特殊儿童父母亲职压力与生活质量的关系,分析养育效能感在亲职压力与生活质量间的中介效应。方法 采用整群抽样方法,选择在济宁市任城区儿童康复中心进行康复训练的174名特殊儿童的父/母亲作为观察组,选择济宁市任城区城乡接合部一所幼儿园,该园所有169名正常幼儿的父/母亲作为对照组。使用亲职压力简表、父母养育效能感量表、世界卫生组织生活质量测定简表进行调查。分析两组间在亲职压力、养育效能感、生活质量等方面的差异,以及养育效能在亲职压力与生活质量间中介作用。结果 观察组特殊儿童父母的亲职压力高于对照组(P<0.001),其养育效能感和生活质量均低于对照组(P<0.001)。养育效能感在亲职压力与生活质量间起到部分中介作用,特殊儿童父母养育效能感中介效应占总效应的41.29%,正常儿童父母占29.89%。结论 特殊儿童父母的亲职压力水平较高,生活质量水平较低;养育效能感在一定程度上可调节亲职压力对生活质量的影响,尤其对特殊儿童父母而言,提高养育效能感有助于缓解亲职压力,改善生活质量。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the relationships of parenting stress and the quality of life among parents of special children,as well as to explore the mediating role of parenting self-efficacy between parental stress and the quality of life.Methods Using cluster sampling,a total of 174 special children's mother/father were selected as the observation group.All these children were undergoing the rehabilitation training in Children's Rehabilitation Center of Rencheng District in Jining city.The fathers/mothers of 169 normal children from a kindergarten in Rencheng District were chosen as the control group.The Parenting Stress Index/Short Form (PSI-SF),World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHO-QOL-BREF) and Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) were used in this investigation.This study aimed to compare the difference between the observation group and the control group in PSI-SF,PSOC,WHO-QOL-BREF and the mediating effects of parenting self-efficacy between parental stress and the quality of life.Results Compared to the control group,the observation group had higher score in PSI-SF,but lower score in PSOC and WHO-QOL-BREF.Parenting self-efficacy played a partial mediating role between parenting stress and quality of life.The mediating effect accounted for 41.29% of the total effect in the observation group,and 29.89% in the control group.Conclusion Parents of special children had high level of parenting stress and low quality of life.Parenting self-efficacy could partially mediate the impact of parenting stress on quality of life,especially for the special children's parents.It is necessary to provide psychological interventions for parents of special children,so as to enhance their parenting self-efficacy,relieve parenting stress and improve the quality of life.
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