文章摘要
荆立娜,孟丽,张凯,张雪文,刘翠.医学生颈椎亚健康现状及其影响因素[J].济宁医学院学报,2021,44(1):44-47
医学生颈椎亚健康现状及其影响因素
Research on the present situation and influencing factors of cervical vertebra sub-health of medical students
投稿时间:2020-12-13  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2021.01.011
中文关键词: 医学生;颈椎;亚健康;研究
英文关键词: Medical students;Cervical vertebrae;Sub-health
基金项目:济宁医学院2019年大学生创新训练计划项目(CX2019081);山东省中医药科技计划项目(2019-0443)
作者单位E-mail
荆立娜 济宁医学院中西医结合学院  
孟丽 济宁医学院第二临床医学院  
张凯 济宁医学院法医学与医学检验学学院, 济宁 272067  
张雪文 济宁医学院中西医结合学院  
刘翠 济宁医学院中西医结合学院 516345689@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解医学生颈椎亚健康状况并研究其影响因素。方法 采用分层随机抽样法对某医学院不同年级的医学生进行网络问卷调查,参考相关文献自行设计调查表调查颈椎亚健康状况,所得数据通过SPSS18.0统计软件处理和分析。结果 38.36%的被调查者处于颈椎亚健康状态,年级之间有显著性差异(P<0.05)。熬夜、每天伏案时间超过8h、伏案持续1h以上不休息、慢性咽炎、扁桃体炎等因素对颈椎亚健康的影响有统计学意义(P<0.05)。性别、外伤史等未见显著性差别(P>0.05)。logistic回归分析显示:熬夜、每天伏案时间超过8h、慢性咽炎、扁桃体炎等是颈椎亚健康状态的危险因素,选择软硬适中的枕头是保护因素。结论 颈椎亚健康状态是多因素综合作用的结果,可通过改善不良习惯及相关干预来降低颈椎亚健康发生的风险。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the sub-health status of cervical vertebrae among medical students and to study its influencing factors.Methods The stratified random sampling method was used to investigate the sub-health status of cervical vertebrae among medical students in different grades by means of network questionnaire survey,and the self-designed questionnaire was with reference to relevant literature.The obtained data were processed and analyzed by SPSS18.0 statistical software.Results 38.36% of the respondents were in the sub-health status of cervical vertebrae,and there was significant difference among grades (P<0.05).Factors such as staying up late,studying at the desk more than 8 hours a day,studying at the desk for more than one h without rest,chronic pharyngitis,tonsillitis have statistically significant effects on sub-health status of cervical vertebrae (P<0.05).Gender,a history of trauma and so on did not see the significant difference (P>0.05).Logistic regression analysis showed that staying up late,studying at the desk more than 8 hours a day,chronic pharyngitis、tonsillitis and so on were the risk factors for the sub-health state of the cervical vertebra,and the choice of neither too hard nor too soft pillows were the protective factor.Conclusion Cervical vertebrae sub-health state was the consequence of multi-factor,which can be reduced by impoving bad habit and taking related intervention.
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