文章摘要
屠宇杰,刘传新,孙中烈,全顺民,张雪文.强制隔离戒毒人员心理健康状况及影响因素分析[J].济宁医学院学报,2018,41(6):417-421
强制隔离戒毒人员心理健康状况及影响因素分析
Analysis on mental health condition of compulsory isolation drug addicts and its influencing factors
投稿时间:2018-10-30  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2018.06.011
中文关键词: 强制戒毒人员;抑郁;焦虑;现况调查
英文关键词: Compulsory detoxification personnel;Depression;Anxiety;Cross-sectional study
基金项目:济宁医学院2018年大学生创新训练计划项目(cx2018054)
作者单位E-mail
屠宇杰 济宁医学院临床医学院, 济宁 272067  
刘传新 济宁医学院精神卫生学院, 济宁 272067  
孙中烈 济宁市强制隔离戒毒所, 济宁 272000  
全顺民 济宁市强制隔离戒毒所, 济宁 272000  
张雪文 济宁医学院公共卫生学院, 济宁 272067 zhangxuewen324@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解强制戒毒人员的心理健康状况,分析其影响因素。方法 选取2018年4月济宁市强制隔离戒毒所225名戒毒人员为调查对象,作现况调查。使用个人基本情况表调查其一般情况,采用抑郁自评量表(Self-rating depression scale,SDS)、焦虑自评量表(Self-rating anxiety scale,SAS)评估其抑郁和焦虑情况。结果 与全国常模相比,本次调查戒毒人员抑郁评分(50.47±9.84)和焦虑评分(48.90±10.47)均较高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。影响因素分析结果显示,年龄和入所次数为抑郁的影响因素;年龄、文化程度和戒毒年限为焦虑的影响因素。结论 强制戒毒人员心理健康状况较差,与年龄、文化程度、入所次数和戒毒年限有关,戒毒所应采取多元化措施,积极关注戒毒人员的心理健康。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the mental health status of forced isolation drug addicts and its influencing factors.Methods A total of 225 drug addicts from the Compulsory Quarantine Treatment Centre of Jining in April 2018 were selected as the survey targets for the current situation investigation.The general situation was investigated using a personal situation table,and depression and anxiety were assessed using a Self-rating depression scale (SDS) and a Self-rating anxiety scale (SAS).Results Compared with the national norm,the depression score (50.47±9.84) and the anxiety score (48.90±10.47) were higher,and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The analysis of influencing factors showed that age and times of entrances were the influencing factors of depression,and age,education level and years of drug addiction were the influencing factors of anxiety.Conclusion The mental health status of compulsory drug abusers is poor,which is related to age,education level,times of entrances and years of drug addiction.Detoxification should adopt diversified measures and pay more attention to the mental health of drug addicts.
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