文章摘要
王文军,张璟,孙聪.济宁市某矿区居民幽门螺杆菌感染流行病学调查[J].济宁医学院学报,2011,(5):354-355,358
济宁市某矿区居民幽门螺杆菌感染流行病学调查
An epidemiology survey on helicobacter pylori intection in coal-mine area of Jining
投稿时间:2011-07-04  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2010.05.020
中文关键词: 幽门螺旋杆菌;感染率;影响因素
英文关键词: Helicobacter pylori;Infection rate;Influence factors
基金项目:济宁医学院2008年青年科学基金项目
作者单位
王文军 济宁医学院公共卫生学院, 山东济宁 272067 
张璟 济宁医学院公共卫生学院, 山东济宁 272067 
孙聪 济宁医学院公共卫生学院2005级预防医学专业学生, 山东济宁 272067 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解济宁市煤矿开采区居民幽门螺旋杆菌感染状况,探讨影响因素,为开展防治工作提供依据。方法 对济宁市某矿区342名居民进行血清Hp抗体测定,同时运用调查表进行相关行为的调查。结果 矿区居民幽门螺杆菌的感染率为62.6%,且随着年龄的增长有逐渐增高趋势(rs=0.73,P<0.01);性别之间差异无统计学意义(χ2=2.457,P=0.117),运用非条件多因素Logistic逐步回归分析显示家庭进餐形式(OR=3.862)、文化程度(OR=0.721)、喜食醋(OR=0.542)、喜吃水果(OR=0.575)、儿童时口嚼喂养方式(OR=4.885)、家庭月收入(OR=0.450)是影响Hp感染的主要因素。结论 煤炭矿区居民幽门螺旋杆菌感染率较高,相关部门应针对高危人群采取有效措施。
英文摘要:
      Objective To estimate the prevalence and influence factors of Helicobacter pylori(Hp) infection in coal-mine area of Jining, and to provide scientific evidence for infection control.Methods A cross-sectional seroepidemiology study was carried out among 342 residents with a self-designed questionnaire from the coal-mine area of Jining.Results The overall prevalence of anti-Hp antibodies among coal-mine area residents was 62.6% with no significance between different genders(χ2=2.457, P=0.117), which increased with age(rs=0.73, P<0.01).The results of logistic regression displayed that variables which could affect the infection of HP were method of eating in a family(OR=3.862), educational status(OR=0.721), vinegar intake(OR=0.542), fruit intake(OR=0.575), being fed with chewed foods as a children(OR=4.885) and family income(OR=0.450).Conclusion The prevalence of Hp in coal-mine area residents was high and more efforts should be done among high-risk population to control the infection.
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