文章摘要
李妮娜,李明,李杰.自我效能在医学生成就动机和自我妨碍间的中介作用[J].济宁医学院学报,2011,(4):270-272
自我效能在医学生成就动机和自我妨碍间的中介作用
Mediation effects of self-efficacy on the relationship between medical students' achievement motivation and self-handicapping
投稿时间:2011-06-11  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2011.04.016
中文关键词: 自我妨碍;成就动机;自我效能;中介效应
英文关键词: Self-handicapping;Achievement Motivation;Self-efficacy;Mediating effect
基金项目:
作者单位
李妮娜 济宁医学院精神卫生学院, 山东济宁 272067 
李明 济宁医学院临床学院, 山东济宁 272067 
李杰 济宁医学院精神卫生学院, 山东济宁 272067 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨成就动机与自我妨碍的关系,并检验自我效能在医学生成就动机与自我妨碍关系中的中介效应。方法 采用自我妨碍量表、自我效能量表与成就动机问卷对394名医学生进行问卷调查。结果 医学生自我妨碍存在性别差异,女生的自我妨碍得分高于男生(t=5.87,P=0.016<0.05),且成就动机及自我效能与医学生的自我妨碍呈显著负相关(r=-0.16,r=-0.15,P<0.01),自我效能在成就动机与自我妨碍中有部分中介作用。结论 医学生在考前存在一定程度的自我妨碍倾向,成就动机直接影响医学生的自我妨碍倾向,并通过自我效能的中介作用间接影响自我妨碍。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the relationship between medical students' achievement motivation and self-handicapping.Methods 394 medical students were tested by Self-handicapping Questionnaire,Achievement Motivation Scale and Self-efficacy Scale.Results There was significant difference between male students and female students in self-handicapping,and female students were much more self-handicapping than male students(t=5.87,P<0.05).Medical students' self-handicapping was negatively correlated with achievement motivation and self-efficacy(r=-0.16,r=-0.15,P<0.01).Self-efficacy played a role of partial mediator in the relationship between achievement motivation and self-handicapping.Conclusion There exists self-handicapping in medical students,and Self-efficacy partially mediates the effects of achievement motivation and self-handicapping.
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