文章摘要
孙余才,张秋芳,吴云刚.螺旋CT多平面重建在小儿气管支气管异物的诊断价值[J].济宁医学院学报,2011,(2):104-105
螺旋CT多平面重建在小儿气管支气管异物的诊断价值
The value of diagnosis of tracheobronchial foreign body in children by using MSCT MPR
投稿时间:2011-03-11  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2011.02.010
中文关键词: 异物|气管|支气管|多排螺旋CT|多平面重建
英文关键词: Foreign body|Trachea,Bronchial|children|MSCT|MPR
基金项目:
作者单位
孙余才 济宁医学院附属医院, 山东济宁 272029 
张秋芳 济宁医学院附属医院, 山东济宁 272029 
吴云刚 济宁医学院附属医院, 山东济宁 272029 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨多排螺旋CT及多平面重建在小儿气管支气管异物影像诊断中的价值。方法 回顾我科在2008年1月-2010年12月收治的气管支气管异物150例,均给予螺旋CT气管支气管三维重建检查,均能一次确诊,并能直接显示异物的部位,大小以及与气管支气管周围的关系。将CT诊断与支气管镜异物取出术结果作对照。结果 螺旋CT诊断气管支气管异物150例,支气管镜异物取出146例,诊断准确率97.3%。结论 螺旋CT多平面重建对小儿气管支气管异物的显示率高,部位准确,并可显示各种并发症,对气道异物的诊断和鉴别诊断具有重要价值。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the diagnosis value of multi-slice spiral CT(MSCT) and multiplanar reformation(MPR) for foreign bodies in the trachea and bronchus of children.Methods A retrospective review of 150 patients with foreign bodies in the trachea and bronchus in our department during January 2008-December 2010, all patients were given MSCT tracheobronchial 3d reconstruction inspection.All of the patients could be confirmed by once and the location, size and relationship from the trachea and bronchus of foreign bodies could directly be displayed.The results of CT diagnosis would compare with the extraction of tracheo-bronchial foreign bodies.Results 150 patients with foreign bodies in the trachea and bronchus were diagnosed using MSCT and bronchoscopy foreign bodies were extracted from 146 patients.The accuracy rate of diagnosis was 98.7%.Conclusion The display rates are high using MSCT MPR for foreign bodies in the trachea and bronchus of children.The location is accurate and various complications could be displayed, Therefore, MSCT MPR was valuable significantly for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis for the foreign bodies in the air passage.
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