文章摘要
仇子涵,高铭琛,陈峥,吴祎然,许越,李海霞,张毅,李春雨.后疫情时代淄博市社区居民自我药疗现状及对网格化药箱的需求[J].济宁医学院学报,2024,47(2):133-137
后疫情时代淄博市社区居民自我药疗现状及对网格化药箱的需求
Investigation on self-medication behavior and the demand for grid medicine boxes among Zibo residents in the post-epidemic era
投稿时间:2023-06-10  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2024.02.011
中文关键词: 社区居民;自我药疗;网格化药箱
英文关键词: Community residents;Self-medication;Grid medicine box
基金项目:济宁医学院大学生创新训练计划重点资助项目(cx2022098z)
作者单位E-mail
仇子涵 济宁医学院第二临床医学院, 济宁 272067  
高铭琛 青岛大学医学部, 青岛 266075  
陈峥 济宁医学院第二临床医学院, 济宁 272067  
吴祎然 济宁医学院第二临床医学院, 济宁 272067  
许越 济宁医学院第二临床医学院, 济宁 272067  
李海霞 济宁医学院第二临床医学院, 济宁 272067  
张毅 济宁医学院第二临床医学院, 济宁 272067  
李春雨 济宁医学院第二临床医学院, 济宁 272067 Llichunyu@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 为后疫情时代社区居民自我药疗和社区健康教育管理提供参考。方法 基于KAP模式即社区居民自我药疗知识、态度、行为以及对自助购药设施(网格化药箱)的态度4个维度设计调查问卷,采用线上及线下结合的方式获得有效调查问卷646份,利用SPSS23.0、李克特量表等对淄博市社区居民自我药疗现状及对社区网格化药箱的态度进行分析。结果 72.3 %的居民疫情防控期间及近期疫情过峰后有过自我药疗行为,学历越高选择自我药疗的比例越高(P<0.05);居民对药物知识、态度及行为的合格率分别为79.4%、68.73%、79.01%,有自我药疗行为组知识得分高于无自我药疗行为组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);77.9 %的被调查者希望在社区投放使用自助购药设施,80 %的被调查者希望自助购药设施具备自助购药、存储、网络配送、器械租用等多种功能。结论 淄博市社区居民自我药疗行为较普遍,自我药疗的知识储备、态度、行为方面整体良好,但仍存在部分误区,需加强社区健康用药宣教;居民对社区自助购药设施的需求度高,可根据居民需求设计集多功能于一体的网格化药箱,满足后疫情时代社区居民精准取药、便捷储药等综合需求。
英文摘要:
      Objective To provide reference for self-medication and community health education management for community residents in the post-epidemic era.Methods A questionnaire was designed based on the KAP model,that is,community residents' knowledge,attitude,behavior of self-medication and their attitude towards self-medication facilities (grid medicine boxes).646 valid questionnaires were obtained by combining online and offline methods.SPSS23.0 and Likert scale were used to analyze the status quo of self-medication of community residents in Zibo city and their attitude towards community grid medicine boxes.Result 72.3 % of residents had self-medication behavior during the epidemic period and after the recent peak of the epidemic,and the higher the education level,the higher the proportion of choosing self-medication (P<0.05);The qualified rates of residents' knowledge,attitude,and behavior towards drugs were 79.4 %,68.73 %,and 79.01 %,respectively.The knowledge score of the group with self-medication behavior was higher than that of the group without self-medication behavior (P<0.05),and the difference was statistically significant;77.9 % of respondents hope to use self-service drug purchasing facilities in the community,while 80 % of respondents hope that self-service drug purchasing facilities have multiple functions such as self-service drug purchasing,storage,network distribution,convenient medical device rental,and so on.Conclusion The self-medication behavior of community residents in Zibo city is common,and the knowledge reserve,attitude and behavior of self-medication are generally good,but there are still some misunderstandings.It is necessary to strengthen the propaganda and education of community health medication;Residents have a high demand for community self-service drug purchasing facilities,and can design a multi-functional grid medicine box based on residents' needs to meet the comprehensive needs of community residents in the post-epidemic era,such as precise drug retrieval,convenient drug storage,self monitoring of health,and health management of grid personnel.
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