文章摘要
马倩,张敬悬.基层行政管理人员精神卫生知识知晓率、对精神疾病态度与其焦虑情绪的关系[J].济宁医学院学报,2024,47(1):41-45
基层行政管理人员精神卫生知识知晓率、对精神疾病态度与其焦虑情绪的关系
Relationship between the awareness rate of mental health knowledge, attitude towards mental illness and anxiety of basic administrative staff
投稿时间:2022-04-28  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2024.01.009
中文关键词: 焦虑情绪;精神卫生知识;知晓率;疾病态度
英文关键词: Anxiety;Mental health knowledge;Awareness;Disease attitude
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
马倩 济宁医学院精神卫生学院, 济宁 272013  
张敬悬 山东省精神卫生中心心理科, 济南 250014 jingxuanzhang@126.com 
摘要点击次数: 282
全文下载次数: 186
中文摘要:
      目的 了解基层行政管理人员焦虑情绪与精神卫生知识知晓率及精神疾病态度关系,为进一步开展基层行政管理人员的精神卫生服务和社会心理服务体系建设提供理论依据。方法 采用方便抽样法对690名济南市历城区街道办事处工作人员及居委会管理人员和网格员进行问卷调查,调查工具包括焦虑自评量表、精神卫生与心理保健知识问卷、精神疾病有关态度问卷。结果 焦虑情绪的检出率为31.8%,轻度焦虑情绪152人(22.7%),中度焦虑情绪51人(7.6%),重度焦虑情绪10人(1.5%);精神卫生知识总知晓率为75.84%;焦虑情绪评分与精神卫生知识问卷得分成负相关(r=-0.404,P<0.05),焦虑情绪评分还与疾病态度相关问题评分有关(P<0.05);其中知晓率与年龄、文化程度、婚姻状况及职业有关,精神疾病相关态度得分与年龄有关(r=-0.131,P<0.05)。结论 基层行政管理人员焦虑情绪检出率较高,精神卫生知识总知晓率略高于我国精神卫生规划(2015-2020)中对普通人群心理健康知识知晓率70%的要求,但仍存在对精神疾病的偏见和歧视现象,应进一步减少歧视,提高基层行政管理人员的相关知识知晓率及及其心理健康水平。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the relationship between anxiety and awareness rate of mental health knowledge and mental illness attitude of grassroot administrative staff so as to provide a theoretical basis for further developing the construction of mental health service and social psychological service system for grassroot administrative staff.Methods 690 subdistrict office workers, neighborhood committee managers and grid workers in Licheng District, Jinan were investigated by convenient sampling method.The survey tools included self rating anxiety scale, mental health and mental health knowledge questionnaire and mental illness related attitude questionnaire.Results The incidence of anxiety was 31.8%, 152 patients with mild anxiety (22.7%), 51 patients with moderate anxiety (7.6%) and 10 patients with severe anxiety (1.5%).The overall awareness of rate of mental health knowledge is 75.84%.The score of anxiety was negatively correlated with the score of mental health knowledge questionnaire (r=-0.404, P<0.01), and the score of anxiety was also correlated with the score of disease attitude related problems (P<0.05);the awareness rate was related to age, educational level, marital status and occupation, and the mental illness related attitude score was related to age(r=-0.131, P<0.05).Conclusion The incidence of anxiety among grassroot administrative staff is high, and the total awareness rate of mental health knowledge is slightly higher than the requirement of 70% awareness rate of general population in China's mental health Program (2015-2020).However, prejudice and discrimination against mental illness still exist, which should be further reduced and the knowledge awareness rate and mental health level of basic administrative staff should be improved.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器

分享按钮

漂浮通知

  X

近期,网上出现以《济宁医学院学报》杂志社的名义制造的虚假网站,诱骗作者在线投稿,骗取作者版面费或收取中介费,造成恶劣影响。在此提醒广大作者,审慎辨别,谨防上当。 投稿警示:我刊对所有来稿均不收取审稿费。 投稿方式:登录济宁医学院官方网站,在左下方点击“济宁医学院学报”进入《济宁医学院学报》网页,点击作者登录,注册新用户,然后在线投稿。