文章摘要
陈梦奇,迟晨汝,杨丹,周志庆,刘欢,王晓晔,匡霞.老年慢性病患者健康素养现状及其影响因素[J].济宁医学院学报,2024,47(1):36-40
老年慢性病患者健康素养现状及其影响因素
Analysis of health literacy status and influencing factors of elderly patients with chronic diseases
投稿时间:2023-10-18  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2024.01.008
中文关键词: 老年人;慢性病;健康素养;影响因素
英文关键词: The elderly;Chronic diseases;Health literacy;Influencing factors
基金项目:安徽省新时代育人质量工程项目(2022jyjxggyj338);芜湖市科技计划项目(2020rkx4-5);皖南医学院中青年科研项目(WKS2021F01)
作者单位E-mail
陈梦奇 皖南医学院研究生学院, 芜湖 241002  
迟晨汝 皖南医学院研究生学院, 芜湖 241002  
杨丹 皖南医学院研究生学院, 芜湖 241002  
周志庆 皖南医学院第一附属医院弋矶山医院护理部, 芜湖 241001 1274467404@qq.com 
刘欢 皖南医学院第一附属医院弋矶山医院血液净化中心, 芜湖 241001  
王晓晔 皖南医学院第一附属医院弋矶山医院皮肤内分泌科, 芜湖 241001  
匡霞 皖南医学院第一附属医院弋矶山医院心血管内科, 芜湖 241001  
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中文摘要:
      目的 调查老年慢性病患者健康素养的现状,并分析其影响因素。方法 于2023年3月至2023年7月选取在芜湖市某三级甲等医院住院的老年慢性病患者602例作为研究对象,使用一般资料调查表,慢性病健康素养量表、慢性病资源调查问卷、FRAIL量表、社会衰弱量表展开调查。采用二分类logistic回归分析老年慢性病患者健康素养的影响因素。结果 老年慢性病患者健康素养得分为(75.81±24.27)分,具备健康素养的患者占32.89%。有亲属是医务人员、坚持定期体检、文化程度、慢性病资源合理利用、衰弱、社会衰弱是老年慢性病患者健康素养的影响因素(P<0.05)。结论 老年慢性病患者健康素养水平有待提高。其中,发生衰弱、社会衰弱以及未定期体检、无亲属是医务人员、文化程度偏低、慢性病资源利用不理想的老年慢性病患者健康素养需重点关注,医务工作者应针对以上人群开展个性化的健康教育工作以提升其健康素养水平。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the current situation of health literacy in elderly patients with chronic diseases and analyze the influencing factors.Methods From March 2023 to July 2023, 602 elderly patients with chronic diseases in a tertiary hospital in Wuhu were selected and the general data questionnaire, chronic disease health literacy scale, chronic disease resource questionnaire, FRAIL scale and social Frailty scale were used.Dichotomous logistic regression was used to analyze the factors influencing health literacy in elderly patients with chronic diseases.Results The health literacy score of the elderly patients with chronic diseases was 75.81±24.27, and the health literacy ability rate was 32.89%.The statistical analysis results showed that whether there are relatives of medical staff, whether they adhere to regular physical examination, educational level, ideal utilization of chronic disease resources, weakness, and social weakness are the influencing factors of the health literacy of elderly patients with chronic diseases (P<0.05).Conclusion The health literacy level of the elderly patients with chronic diseases needs to be improved.Among them, the health literacy of elderly patients with chronic diseases with weakness, social weakness, irregular physical examination, no relatives, low education level and unsatisfactory utilization of chronic disease resources should be paid close attention to.Medical workers should carry out personalized health education for the above groups to improve their health literacy level.
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