文章摘要
宫新叶,郭立燕.2016-2020年莱阳市居民死亡水平及主要死因[J].济宁医学院学报,2022,45(3):171-175
2016-2020年莱阳市居民死亡水平及主要死因
Analysis of death causes in Laiyang from 2016 through 2020
投稿时间:2022-01-09  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2022.03.004
中文关键词: 死因监测;死亡率;死因顺位;预期寿命
英文关键词: Death surveillance;Mortality rate;Rank of death causes;Life expectancy
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
宫新叶 莱阳市疾病预防控制中心, 莱阳 265200

济宁医学院公共卫生学院, 济宁 272013 
 
郭立燕 莱阳市疾病预防控制中心, 莱阳 265200

济宁医学院公共卫生学院, 济宁 272013 
yz220@126.com 
摘要点击次数: 0
全文下载次数: 0
中文摘要:
      目的 分析2016-2020年莱阳市死因监测数据,对莱阳市死亡水平及死因构成进行探讨,为制定科学有效的预防控制措施提供依据。方法 收集2016-2020年莱阳市户籍人群死亡监测信息,数据来源于“中国疾病预防控制信息系统-人口死亡信息登记管理系统”。死因分类采用国际疾病分类第10版(ICD-10)进行编码。应用SPSS 22.0软件和Excel 2007对死亡资料进行统计分析。结果 2016-2020年莱阳市户籍人群死亡率分别为884.82/10万、892.18/10万、922.45/10万、913.70/10万和944.54/10万,呈上升趋势,历年死亡率随年龄增长呈“√”形增高。2016-2019年死因顺位前4位均为心脑血管疾病、恶性肿瘤、呼吸系统疾病、伤害,2020年伤害由死亡原因的第四位上升为第三位。心脑血管疾病的前3位死因是缺血性心脏病、脑血管病、高血压及高血压性心脏病,肺癌、肝癌和胃癌是前3位恶性肿瘤,伤害排名前3的死亡原因分别为交通事故、意外跌落和自杀。慢性阻塞性肺疾病是呼吸系统疾病死亡的主要原因。结论 心脑血管疾病、恶性肿瘤、呼吸系统疾病和伤害是莱阳市户籍人群死亡的主要原因,应针对以上慢性病及伤害开展有效的防控。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the data of death surveillance in Laiyang from 2016 through 2020 and explore the death level and causes of deathin order to provide scientific basis for formulating local disease prevention and control strategies and measures.Methods The data was collected from China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention.Causes of death were coded according to the ICD-10.SPSS 22.0 and Excel 2007were used to analyze the death data.Results From 2016 through 2020,crude annual mortality of household registered residents in Laiyang was 884.82/105,892.18/105,922.45/105,913.70/105,944.54/105,respectively.The mortality rate increased with age in a "√" shape.From 2016 through 2019,the top four causes of death were cardio-cerebral vascular diseases,cancer,respiratory diseases and injuries,and in 2020,injuries rose from the fourth cause of death to the third.The top three mortality rate of cardio-cerebral vascular diseases were ischemic heart disease,cerebrovascular diseases,hypertension and hypertensive heart disease;the top three mortality rate of cancer were lung cancer,liver cancer and gastric cancer;the top three mortality rate of injury were traffic accidents,accidental falls and suicide.Deaths from respiratory diseases were dominated by chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and other respiratory diseases.Conclusion The main causes of death of the registered population in Laiyangwerecardio-cerebral vascular diseases,cancer,respiratory diseases andinjuries,and effective prevention and control of these chronic diseases and injuries should be carried out.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器

分享按钮

漂浮通知

  X

近期,网上出现以《济宁医学院学报》杂志社的名义制造的虚假网站,诱骗作者在线投稿,骗取作者版面费或收取中介费,造成恶劣影响。在此提醒广大作者,审慎辨别,谨防上当。 投稿警示:我刊对所有来稿均不收取审稿费。 投稿方式:登录济宁医学院官方网站,在左下方点击“济宁医学院学报”进入《济宁医学院学报》网页,点击作者登录,注册新用户,然后在线投稿。