文章摘要
卢鑫峰,周沛臻,马晗,王文军,孙海娅.大学生新冠肺炎知信行现况及影响因素[J].济宁医学院学报,2021,44(2):107-110
大学生新冠肺炎知信行现况及影响因素
KAP survey for COVID-19 among university students and its influencing factors
投稿时间:2020-11-25  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2021.02.008
中文关键词: 大学生;新型冠状病毒肺炎;认知;态度;行为
英文关键词: University students;COVID-19;Cognition;Attitude;Behavior
基金项目:济宁医学院青年基金(JYQ14KJ01);2019年济宁医学院大学生创新课题(cx2019078)
作者单位E-mail
卢鑫峰 济宁医学院第二临床医学院
济宁医学院社区人群健康影响因素研究工作坊 
 
周沛臻 济宁医学院社区人群健康影响因素研究工作坊
济宁医学院护理学院, 济宁 272067 
 
马晗 济宁医学院社区人群健康影响因素研究工作坊
济宁医学院护理学院, 济宁 272067 
 
王文军 济宁医学院社区人群健康影响因素研究工作坊
济宁医学院护理学院, 济宁 272067 
 
孙海娅 济宁医学院社区人群健康影响因素研究工作坊
济宁医学院护理学院, 济宁 272067 
haiyasun@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 调查在校大学生对新型冠状病毒肺炎(coronavirus disease 2019,COVID-19)的认知、态度和行为(简称知信行,KAP)情况,并分析其影响因素,为高校常态化疫情防控提供参考。方法 采用随机抽样法,自编调查问卷,通过微信+问卷星形式对山东省3所高校1268名在校大学生进行问卷调查,内容包括人口学信息和对COVID-19的知信行情况。结果 知信行现状方面,认知均分为(12.25±1.19)分,态度(行为技巧)得分为(38.10±4.57)分,行为(有效行为)得分为(55.66±5.35)分。性别、年级、专业不同的大学生对COVID-19的认知存在差异(P<0.05)。户口类型、是否有医疗保险、目前健康状况不同的大学生对COVID-19的态度存在差异(P<0.05)。户口类型、是否有医疗保险、年级、专业、目前健康状况不同的大学生对COVID-19的行为存在差异(P<0.05)。相关性分析结果显示,大学生的认知和行为无相关性(r=0.022,P=0.431),态度和行为呈正相关(r=0.450,P<0.001)。大学生采取有效行为的因素为态度(行为技巧)、年级、目前健康状况。结论 大学生对COVID-19总体认知水平较高,态度较积极,多数大学生能采取有效措施积极防控,建议学校根据不同专业、不同年级、不同健康状况的学生继续加强对COVID-19知识的宣教,做好常态化疫情防控措施。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate Coronavirus disease 19(COVID-19) cognition,attitude and behaviour(KAP) among university students,and analyze the influencing factors of those diseases,so as to provide reference for normalized epidemic prevention and control.Methods The convenience sampling method was adopted,and the questionnaire was compiled by ourselves.Through WeChat and questionnaire star,1268 college students in three universities in Shandong province were surveyed,including demographic information and KAP of COVID-19.Results The total cognitive score was 12.25±1.19,the score of attitude (behavioral skills) was 38.10±4.57,and the score of behavior (effective behavior) was 55.66±5.35.According to different gender,grade,major,and whether there is a confirmed case in the current city by far,different college students have different cognition of COVID-19(P<0.05).University students with different household type,medical insurance,and current physical condition had different attitudes towards COVID-19 (P<0.05).College students with different medical insurance coverage,specialty,and current physical condition have different behaviors towards COVID-19 (P<0.05).Pearson correlation analysis showed that there was no correlation between cognition and behavior of university students (Pearson correlation=0.022,P=0.431>0.01),but positive correlation between attitude and behavior (Pearson correlation=0.450,P=0.000<0.01).The factors for college students to adopt effective behaviors are attitude,major,grade,and current physical condition.Conclusion University students have a high level of overall awareness and positive attitude towards COVID-19.Most of them can take effective measures to prevent and control COVID-19.It is suggested that schools should continue to strengthen the education of COVID-19 knowledge according to students of different majors,grades and health conditions and do a good job of regular epidemic prevention and control measures.
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