文章摘要
崔琦,李国良,张颖,苏斯敏,刘燕,李盈.大学生一般自我效能感和抑郁的关系[J].济宁医学院学报,2021,44(2):102-106
大学生一般自我效能感和抑郁的关系
The correlation between general self-efficacy and depression among college students
投稿时间:2020-11-05  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-9760.2021.02.007
中文关键词: 一般自我效能感;抑郁;大学生
英文关键词: General self-efficacy;Depression;College student
基金项目:山东省自然科学基金(ZR2019MH095);济宁医学院大学生创新创业训练计划项目(cx2019112)
作者单位E-mail
崔琦 济宁医学院精神卫生学院, 济宁 272013  
李国良 济宁医学院精神卫生学院, 济宁 272013  
张颖 济宁医学院精神卫生学院, 济宁 272013  
苏斯敏 青岛大学政治与公共管理学院, 青岛 266061  
刘燕 济宁医学院精神卫生学院, 济宁 272013  
李盈 济宁医学院图书馆, 济宁 272067 jylib2009@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨大学生一般自我效能感和抑郁的关系。方法 使用中文版一般自我效能感量表(GSES)和流调中心用抑郁量表(CES-D)对某医学院及某工科类专科院校620名大学生进行问卷调查,对所得数据进行描述统计及推断统计。结果 男生一般自我效能感高于女生(t=5.50,P<0.001),抑郁总分低于女生(t=-2.08,P=0.038)。一般自我效能感与抑郁及其4个维度均存在负相关(r=-0.30~-0.14,P<0.01);一般自我效能感对大学生抑郁具有负向预测作用(Beta=-0.27,P<0.001)。结论 大学生一般自我效能感与抑郁之间存在密切关系,一般自我效能感可以负向预测大学生的抑郁状况。我们应着重对女大学生开展抑郁健康教育,同时提高高年级大学生群体的自我效能感从而缓解其抑郁。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the relationship between general self-efficacy and depression in college students.Methods 620 college students from a medical school and an engineering college completed the tests of the Chinese version of the GSES and CES-D.Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were performed on the data samples.Results The general self-efficacy of male students was significantly higher than that of female students (t=5.50,P<0.001),while the total depression score was significantly lower than that of female students (t=-2.08,P=0.038).The depression of the high-grade students was significantly higher than that of the low-grade students,and their self-efficacy was significantly lower than that of the low-grade students.There is a significant negative correlation between general self-efficacy and depression and its four dimensions (r=-0.30~-0.14,P<0.01).General self-efficacy has a significant negative predictive relationship with depression (Beta=-0.27,P<0.001).Conclusion There is a close correlation between general self-efficacy and depression in college students,e.g.,general self-efficacy can negatively predict college students' depression.We should focus on developing mental health education for female college students and improve the general sense of self-efficacy of senior college students to alleviate their depression.
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